The tea is made of a plant called Camellia Sinensis. There are more than 1500 varieties of this plan – and this is what determines the diversity of tastes and kinds of tea. There are 6 main varieties of tea: black, green, white, yellow, oolong and red tea.
Each of these kinds has its own varieties and grades which differ both in the colour of the brew and their tastes and properties. The brewing process also differs: by the temperature of water as well as the time required for brewing. The time of brewing, the temperature s well as the quality of tea also change the taste of tea. Moreover, there is a great number of flavoured teas. What’s the gist? Thousands of tastes which you can try and discover every day. Due to the incredible wealth, tea would never tire you.
Tea shrubs are rather demanding. They grow up to the elevation of 2450 meters; the higher – the better. They need around 2.5 meters of precipitation per year. Separate plants may live for more than 1000 years; and one can start gathering the first crop of leaves when the shrub reaches 3 years of age.
Tea was first mentioned in China in X th century B.C. Tea found its way to Europe in XVI th century from the East, whereas it appeared in the UK in 1658.
The largest volumes of tea are produced in China and in India, but Ireland and Britain are their major consumers. 3 million tons of tea are produced annually throughout the world, and it is the second most popular drink in the world (the first one is … water). In the course of centuries tea was infused in special tea pots. Tea bags appeared only in 1904 thanks to the Americans who also invented ice tea.
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